gas


gas
n. & v.
—n. (pl. gases)
1 any airlike substance which moves freely to fill any space available, irrespective of its quantity.
2 a such a substance (esp. found naturally or extracted from coal) used as a domestic or industrial fuel (also attrib. : gas cooker; gas fire). b an explosive mixture of firedamp with air.
3 nitrous oxide or another gas used as an anaesthetic (esp. in dentistry).
4 a gas or vapour used as a poisonous agent to disable an enemy in warfare.
5 US colloq. petrol, gasoline.
6 sl. pointless idle talk; boasting.
7 sl. an enjoyable, attractive, or amusing thing or person.
—v. (gases, gassed, gassing)
1 tr. expose to gas, esp. to kill or make unconscious.
2 intr. give off gas.
3 tr. (usu. foll. by up) US colloq. fill (the tank of a motor vehicle) with petrol.
4 intr. colloq. talk idly or boastfully.
Phrases and idioms:
gas chamber an airtight chamber that can be filled with poisonous gas to kill people or animals. gas chromatography chromatography employing gas as the eluent. gas-cooled (of a nuclear reactor etc.) cooled by a current of gas. gas fire a domestic fire using gas as its fuel. gas-fired using gas as the fuel. gas gangrene a rapidly spreading gangrene of injured tissue infected by a soil bacterium and accompanied by the evolution of gas. gas mask a respirator used as a defence against poison gas. gas meter an apparatus recording the amount of gas consumed. gas oil a type of fuel oil distilled from petroleum and heavier than paraffin oil. gas plant Bot. fraxinella. gas-proof impervious to gas. gas ring a hollow ring perforated with gas jets, used esp. for cooking. gas station US a filling-station. gas-tight proof against the leakage of gas. gas turbine a turbine driven by a flow of gas or by gas from combustion.
Etymology: invented by J. B. van Helmont, Belgian chemist d. 1644, after Gk khaos chaos

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • gas — s.m.inv. 1a. FO ogni sostanza che, a temperatura e pressione normale, è allo stato aeriforme, in contrapposizione ai solidi e ai liquidi, e non presenta forma e volume propri 1b. TS fis., chim. sostanza aeriforme che si trova al di sopra della… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Gas — (g[a^]s), n.; pl. {Gases} (g[a^]s [e^]z). [Invented by the chemist Van Helmont of Brussels, who died in 1644.] 1. An a[ e]riform fluid; a term used at first by chemists as synonymous with air, but since restricted to fluids supposed to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gas — (Palabra inventada por el científico flamenco J. B. van Helmont en el siglo XVII, sobre el lat. chaos). 1. m. Fluido que tiende a expandirse indefinidamente y que se caracteriza por su pequeña densidad, como el aire. 2. Cada uno de los gases… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

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  • gas — [gæs] noun gases PLURALFORM or gasses [countable, uncountable] a substance which is not solid or liquid at normal temperatures, and which usually cannot be seen: • Greenhouse gases are the direct result of pollution …   Financial and business terms

  • gas — [gas] n. pl. gases or gasses [gas′iz] [ModL, altered by Van Helmont (1577 1644), Belgian chemist (with g pronounced, as in Du, as a voiced fricative) < Gr chaos, air (see CHAOS), term used by Paracelsus] 1. the fluid form of a substance in… …   English World dictionary

  • Gas CS — Nombre (IUPAC) sistemático …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gas — Gas. Die Eigenthümlichkeit der Gase, welche elastische Flüssigkeiten, Luftarten sind, besteht in dem Bestreben der kleinsten Theilchen, sich möglichst weit von einander zu entfernen, daher üben sie auf ihre Umgebung einen allseitigen Druck aus u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gas — (g[a^]s), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gassed} (g[a^]st); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gassing}.] 1. (Textiles) To singe, as in a gas flame, so as to remove loose fibers; as, to gas thread. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. To impregnate with gas; as, to gas lime with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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